Eine ebenso seltsame wie geschichtsträchtige „Tea Party“: ohne Milch und Zucker, dafür mit dem kalten, salzigen Wasser des Atlantik . Boston Tea Party. Ausgangspunkt des amerikanischen Unabhängigkeitskireges. Am Dezember enterten als Indianer verkleidete Bürger der. Boston Tea Party ist die Bezeichnung für einen Akt des Widerstandes gegen die britische Kolonialpolitik im Hafen der nordamerikanischen Stadt Boston am
16. Dezember 1773 - Die Boston Tea PartyNur wenige historische Ereignisse stehen für Boston wie die Boston Tea Party. Während dieser Demonstration von warfen Revolutionäre aus Protest. warfen als Indianer verkleidete Bostoner Bürger eine Lieferung Tee der britischen Krone ins Meer und setzten ein Zeichen für die. Genießen Sie ein Abenteuer und reisen Sie in das Jahr zurück. Werden Sie Teil der Boston Tea Party. Nehmen Sie an einer Museumstour teil und erleben.
Tea Party Boston About Rebecca Beatrice Brooks VideoTea Party - Schoolhouse Rock - No more Kings
Controversy between Great Britain and the colonies arose in the s when Parliament sought, for the first time, to impose a direct tax on the colonies for the purpose of raising revenue.
Some colonists, known in the colonies as Whigs , objected to the new tax program, arguing that it was a violation of the British Constitution.
Britons and British Americans agreed that, according to the constitution, British subjects could not be taxed without the consent of their elected representatives.
In Great Britain, this meant that taxes could only be levied by Parliament. Colonists, however, did not elect members of Parliament, and so American Whigs argued that the colonies could not be taxed by that body.
According to Whigs, colonists could only be taxed by their own colonial assemblies. Colonial protests resulted in the repeal of the Stamp Act in , but in the Declaratory Act , Parliament continued to insist that it had the right to legislate for the colonies "in all cases whatsoever".
When new taxes were levied in the Townshend Revenue Act of , Whig colonists again responded with protests and boycotts.
Merchants organized a non-importation agreement, and many colonists pledged to abstain from drinking British tea , with activists in New England promoting alternatives, such as domestic Labrador tea.
Dutied British tea continued to be imported into Boston, however, especially by Richard Clarke and the sons of Massachusetts Governor Thomas Hutchinson , until pressure from Massachusetts Whigs compelled them to abide by the non-importation agreement.
Parliament finally responded to the protests by repealing the Townshend taxes in , except for the tea duty, which Prime Minister Lord North kept to assert "the right of taxing the Americans".
The Indemnity Act of , which gave the East India Company a refund of the duty on tea that was re-exported to the colonies, expired in With this new tax burden driving up the price of British tea, sales plummeted.
The company continued to import tea into Great Britain, however, amassing a huge surplus of product that no one would buy. Eliminating some of the taxes was one obvious solution to the crisis.
The East India Company initially sought to have the Townshend duty repealed, but the North ministry was unwilling because such an action might be interpreted as a retreat from Parliament's position that it had the right to tax the colonies.
Another possible solution for reducing the growing mound of tea in the East India Company warehouses was to sell it cheaply in Europe. This possibility was investigated, but it was determined that the tea would simply be smuggled back into Great Britain, where it would undersell the taxed product.
The North ministry's solution was the Tea Act, which received the assent of King George on May 10, This would allow the company to reduce costs by eliminating the middlemen who bought the tea at wholesale auctions in London.
In July , tea consignees were selected in New York, Philadelphia, Boston, and Charleston. The act granted the EIC a monopoly on the sale of tea that was cheaper than smuggled tea; its hidden purpose was to force the colonists to pay a tax of 3 pennies on every pound of tea.
The Tea Act thus retained the three pence Townshend duty on tea imported to the colonies. Some members of Parliament wanted to eliminate this tax, arguing that there was no reason to provoke another colonial controversy.
Former Chancellor of the Exchequer William Dowdeswell , for example, warned Lord North that the Americans would not accept the tea if the Townshend duty remained.
Even with the Townshend duty in effect, the Tea Act would allow the East India Company to sell tea more cheaply than before, undercutting the prices offered by smugglers, but also undercutting colonial tea importers, who paid the tax and received no refund.
In , legally imported Bohea , the most common variety of tea, sold for about 3 shillings 3s per pound. This effort to hide the tax from the colonists was unsuccessful.
In September and October , seven ships carrying East India Company tea were sent to the colonies: four were bound for Boston, and one each for New York, Philadelphia, and Charleston.
The protest movement that culminated with the Boston Tea Party was not a dispute about high taxes. The price of legally imported tea was actually reduced by the Tea Act of Protesters were instead concerned with a variety of other issues.
The familiar "no taxation without representation" argument, along with the question of the extent of Parliament's authority in the colonies, remained prominent.
Colonial merchants, some of them smugglers, played a significant role in the protests. Because the Tea Act made legally imported tea cheaper, it threatened to put smugglers of Dutch tea out of business.
In New York, Philadelphia, and Charleston, protesters successfully compelled the tea consignees to resign. In Charleston, the consignees had been forced to resign by early December, and the unclaimed tea was seized by customs officials.
Benjamin Rush urged his fellow countrymen to oppose the landing of the tea, because the cargo contained "the seeds of slavery".
In every colony except Massachusetts, protesters were able to force the tea consignees to resign or to return the tea to England.
He convinced the tea consignees, two of whom were his sons, not to back down. When the tea ship Dartmouth , [a] arrived in the Boston Harbor in late November, Whig leader Samuel Adams called for a mass meeting to be held at Faneuil Hall on November 29, Thousands of people arrived, so many that the meeting was moved to the larger Old South Meeting House.
Meanwhile, the meeting assigned twenty-five men to watch the ship and prevent the tea — including a number of chests from Davison, Newman and Co.
Governor Hutchinson refused to grant permission for Dartmouth to leave without paying the duty. Two more tea ships, Eleanor and Beaver , arrived in Boston Harbor.
On December 16 — the last day of Dartmouth' s deadline — roughly 5,  to 7,  people out of a population of roughly 16,  had gathered around the Old South Meeting House.
Director James Cameron was no In his review of the performance the following day, New York Times music critic W. The bombardment lasted for about After leading the University of Southern California USC Trojans to a Rose Bowl On December 16, , President Bill Clinton announces he has ordered air strikes against Iraq because it refused to cooperate with United Nations U.
Celebrated English novelist Jane Austen is born on December 16, , the seventh of eight children of a clergyman in a country village in Hampshire, England.
Jane was very close to her older sister, Cassandra, who remained her faithful editor and critic throughout her life.
Sign up now to learn about This Day in History straight from your inbox. American Tempest: How the Boston Tea Party Sparked a Revolution.
Da Capo Press, Breen. American Insurgents, American Patriots: The Revolution of the People. Hill and Wang. Oxford University Press, www. A special day in my family history, as Benjamin Edes, printer of the Boston Gazette and Country Journal, that seditious publication, was one of the Loyal Caucus of Nine and one of The Sons of Liberty and one of these seditious souls guilty of this act of vandalism, was my 5th great grandfather.
Hanging on the wall above in my office, is the Journalism award, the Yankee Quill, awarded posthumously back in , for services to Journalism, by Benjamin Edes.
This award from the New England Newspaper Editors Association, I accepted on his behalf back in I flew from Australia to Boston to do so.
An instrumental event in the history of Boston, the history of the foundation of the United States and changing the course of world history as well.
Hurrah to Benjamin Edes. The following are some facts about the Boston Tea Party: What Was the Boston Tea Party?
Boston Tea Party, engraving by W. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies.
Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Facebook Twitter. Give Feedback External Websites.
Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires login. External Websites. HistoryNet - Boston Tea Party United States History - Boston Tea Party Social Studies for Kids - The Boston Tea Party.
Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Posted in American History , Boston Tea Party , Boston Tea Party Facts Comments Off on The Freedom Trail.
The Guests at the Boston Tea Party! Posted on June 1, by cbelland. Posted in American History , Boston Tea Party , Boston Tea Party Facts Comments Off on The Guests at the Boston Tea Party!
Faneuil Hall Posted on May 28, by cbelland. Faneuil Hall! Posted in American History , Boston Tea Party , Boston Tea Party Facts Comments Off on Faneuil Hall.
The Boston Tea Party in Posted on May 18, by cbelland. Posted in American History , Boston Tea Party , Boston Tea Party Facts Comments Off on The Boston Tea Party in The Conciliatory Resolution Posted on April 18, by cbelland.
Continental Congress.Siege of Boston From April to March Kill Your Darlings, in the opening stage of the American Revolutionary Warcolonial militiamen, who later became part of the Continental army, successfully laid siege to British-held Boston, Massachusetts. However, it should have been apparent in…. Anti-austerity movement in Greece Anti-Bin Tax Campaign Bonnets Rouges Campaign Against Home and Water Taxes Movimento Passe Livre Movimiento Pos Me Salto Yellow vests movement. Boston Tea Party On Dec. 16, , "radicals" from Boston, members of a secret organization of American Patriots called the Sons of Liberty, boarded three East India Company ships and threw chests of tea into Boston Harbor. This iconic event, in protest of oppressive British taxation and tyrannical rule, became known as the Boston Tea Party. FEATURED COIN Stella $4 Dollar Gold NGC Proof 62 Offered at $, [email protected] J. J. TEAPARTY IS BUYING, BUYING, BUYING!!!. The Boston Tea Party was an American political and mercantile protest by the Sons of Liberty in Boston, Massachusetts, on December 16, The target was the Tea Act of May 10, , which allowed the British East India Company to sell tea from China in American colonies without paying taxes apart from those imposed by the Townshend Acts. Patriotic Attraction” Tea Party Ships. Storm Aboard the 18th Century sailing vessels Brig Beaver and Eleanor! Experience life at sea aboard an Griffin’s Wharf. Located on the same body of water where the Boston tea Party occurred over two centuries ago. Explore The Robinson Tea Chest. A box. The midnight raid, popularly known as the “ Boston Tea Party,” was in protest of the British Parliament’s Tea Act of , a bill designed to save the faltering East India Company by greatly.